The Aichi Biodiversity Targets
The Aichi Biodiversity Targets are a set of 20, time-bound, measurable targets agreed by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in Nagoya, Japan, in October 2010, that are now being translated into revised national strategies and action plans by the 193 Parties to the Convention. Achievement of the targets will contribute to reducing, and eventually halting, the loss of biodiversity at a global level by the middle of the twenty-first century.
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The Palangka Raya Declaration on Deforestation and the Rights of Forest Peoples
In the face of intensifying forest loss and growing harm affecting forest communities, more than 60 representatives of forest peoples from nine countries came together in March 2014 for an international workshop in Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, to evaluate the impacts of deforestation on their communities and to assess local, national and global trends in deforestation and efforts to address the forest crisis.
At the close of the workshop, participants issued a call to action in the Palangka Raya Declaration on Deforestation and the Rights of Forest Peoples. The Declaration sets out key measures and reforms needed to tackle forest loss and uphold forest peoples’ rights.
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The aim of the Whakatane Mechanism is to assess the situation in different protected areas around the world and, where people are negatively affected, to propose solutions and implement them. It also celebrates and supports successful partnerships between peoples and protected areas. It is crucial for ensuring that conservation practices respect the rights of indigenous peoples, including those specified in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and for ensuring the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in conservation policy and practice.
Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests
The eradication of hunger and poverty and the sustainable use of the environment largely depend on how indigenous peoples, local communities and others gain access to land, fisheries and forests. The livelihoods of many, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to and control over these resources. They are a source of food and shelter; the basis for social, cultural and religious practices; and a central factor in economic growth.
These Voluntary Guidelines serve to provide guidance to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests with the overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security.
Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication
The 29th Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) held in February 2011 recommended that an international instrument on small-scale fisheries be developed. This is based on the increasing recognition of small-scale fisheries as a principal contributor to poverty alleviation and food security and the guidance provided by a number of global and regional conferences and consultative meetings exploring how to better bring together responsible fisheries and social development in coastal and inland fishing communities.
The Guidelines focus on the needs of developing countries, relevant to small-scale fisheries in marine and inland waters covering fishing as well as related post-harvest and upstream activities. Their objective is to provide advice and recommendations, establish principles and criteria, and information to assist States and stakeholders to achieve secure and sustainable small-scale fisheries and related livelihoods.
UN-REDD Programme Guidelines on Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC)
Recognizing that a key component of effective stakeholder engagement is the right to FPIC and responding to calls from stakeholders, countries, partners and donors for further clarification on FPIC in the context of REDD+, the UN-REDD Programme organized a series of regional and international consultations with indigenous peoples, forest-dependent communities, international human rights and safeguards experts and REDD+ practitioners to delve into the complexities, challenges and remaining questions around the application of FPIC for REDD+.
The Guidelines demonstrate existing international law and emerging State practice affirming that indigenous peoples have the right to effective participation in the decisions, policies, and initiatives that affect them and that FPIC is a legal norm that imposes duties and obligations on the States
Conservation and Human Rights Framework
The Conservation Initiative on Human Rights (CIHR) is a consortium of international conservation NGOs that seek to improve the practice of conservation by promoting integration of human rights in conservation policy and practice.